ĐỀ NÂNG CAO 26

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1. A. prepared B. organised C. impressed D. involved

Question 2. A. chamber B. ancient C. danger D. ancestor

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3. A. schedule B. reserve C. wildlife D. beauty

Question 4. A. employment B. atmosphere C. company D. customer

Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 5. Neither of the boys came to school yesterday, _______?

A. didn’t they B. do they C. did they D. don’t they

Question 6. Mrs. Green had her husband _______ because she believed that he was unfaithful.

A. following B. to follow C. followed D. follow

Question 7. I believe that he was concerned _______ all those matters which his wife metioned.

A. upon B. over C. above D. with

Question 8. Growth is of very immediate environmental concern because_______ the more pollutants we throw out into the atmosphere.

A. the more the world economy grows B. the more economy the world grows

C. the more grows the world economy D. the more the world grows economy

Question 9. When I was going to school this morning, I saw a _______ girl. She asked me how to get to Hoan Kiem Lake.

A. beautiful young blonde Russian B. beautiful young Russian blonde

C. blonde young beautiful Russian D. Russian young blonde beautiful

Question 10. People _______ all trees along the streets at this time two years ago.

A. are planting B. will have been planting

C. were planting D. will be planting

Question 11. Some colors disappear quickly in the sea but blue light bounces back or is reflected, to the surface. This makes the sea look blue. _______, a stormy sky will make the sea look grey.

A. Therefore B. Hence C. Consequently D. However

Question 12. By the time I return to my country, I _______ away from home for more than three years.

A. will have been B. will be C. have been D. was

Question 13. _______ to rent a flat, we set about contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city.

A. Deciding B. Having decided C. To decide D. Decided

Question 14. Nobody wears clothes like that any more – they’re _______.

A. fashion B. unfashionable C. fashionable D. fashionably

Question 15. If Bill loses his job, at least they have Mary’s income to _______ on.

A. fall behind B. fall for C. fall back D. fall under

Question 16. In recent years, China has _______ the lead in global warming pollution, producing about 28 percent of all CO2 emissions.

A. put B. taken C. given D. done

Question 17. Many others certainly don’t see it that way and are adamant that the late politician was largely to blame for having a(n) _______ for the vision but scant regard for the detail.

A. eye B. ear C. nose D. tongue

Question 18. He decided to withdraw from the powerboat race as he had a (n) _______ of danger.

A. omen B. premonition C. foreboding D. prediction

Question 19. Diseases have begun spreading in the _______ of recent disaster.

A. awareness B. place C. aftermath D. Way

Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 20. After a long lunch hour, business resumes as usual.

A. continues B. resurfaces C. delays D. responds

Question 21. The building had originally been a manor house and must have looked beautiful in its heyday.

A. the beginning stage B. period of trial

C. a phase of depression D. a time of great success

Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22. He was once a benevolent man who gave a lot of his money to local charities

A. generous B. selfish C. innocent D. bossy

Question 23. It’s not beyond the realm of possibility that some schools may have to cut sport altogether.

A. possible B. impossible C. unlikely D. certain

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 24. Thomas asked Jane about the flight announcement.

– Thomas: “Has an annoucement been made about the nine o’clock flight to Paris?”

– Jane: “_______.”

A. Not yet B. Yes, it is nine o’clock

C. I don’t think so D. Sorry, I don’t

Question 25. Alice asks Mary’s opinion about driving to the countryside at weekend.

– Alice: “How about having a drive to the countryside this weekend?”

– Mary: “_______.”

A. That’s a good idea B. Not at all C. No, thanks D. Never mind

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each the numbered blanks.

The Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak is a new illness and scientists are still (26) _______ how it spreads from person to person, but similar viruses tend to spread via cough and sneeze droplets. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, they release droplets of saliva or mucus. These droplets can fall on people in the vicinity and can be either directly inhaled or picked up on the hands then (27) _______ when someone touches their face, causing infection. For flu, some hospital guidelines define exposure as being within six feet of an infected person (28) _______ sneezes or coughs for 10 minutes or longer. Viruses can also be spread through droplets landing on surfaces such as seats on buses or trains or desks in school. (29) _______, whether this is a main transmission route depends on how long viruses survive on surfaces – this can vary from hours to months. There is anecdotal evidence that the virus can be spread by people before they have symptoms. Some (30) _______ illnesses such as flu can be passed from one person to another before symptoms occur – but the extent to which this is happening with the new coronavirus is not well understood yet.

(Adapted from: Medihome sức khỏe trọn đời)

Question 26. A. admitting B. Presuming C. assessing D. accounting

Question 27. A. transferred B. exchanged C. transformed D. emerged

Question 28. A. which B. where C. who D. when

Question 29. A. Moreover B. However C. Therefore D. In fact

Question 30. A. every B. one C. another D. other

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of the question.

In the near term, the goal of keeping AI’s impact on society beneficial motivates research in many areas, from economics and law to technical topics such as verification, validity, security and control. Whereas it may be little more than a minor nuisance if your laptop crashes or gets hacked, it becomes all the more important that an AI system does what you want it to do if it controls your car, your airplane, your pacemaker, your automated trading system or your power grid. Another short-term challenge is preventing a devastating arms race in lethal autonomous weapons.

In the long term, an important question is what will happen if the quest for strong AI succeeds and an AI system becomes better than humans at all cognitive tasks. Such a system could potentially undergo recursive self-improvement, triggering an intelligence explosion leaving human intellect far behind. By inventing revolutionary new technologies, such a superintelligence might help us eradicate war, disease, and poverty, and so the creation of strong AI might be the biggest event in human history. Some experts have expressed concern, though, that it might also be the last, unless we learn to align the goals of the AI with ours before it becomes superintelligent.

There are some who question whether strong AI will ever be achieved, and others who insist that the creation of superintelligent AI is guaranteed to be beneficial. At FLI we recognize both of these possibilities, but also recognize the potential for an artificial intelligence system to intentionally or unintentionally cause great harm. We believe research today will help us better prepare for and prevent such potentially negative consequences in the future, thus enjoying the benefits of AI while avoiding pitfalls.

(source: https://www.beyondteaching.com/)

Question 31. Which best serves as the title for the passage?

A. Transcending complacency on superintelligent machines.

B. No time like the present for AI safety work.

C. The importance of researching AI safety.

D. Challenges to ensuring the safety of AI systems.

Question 32. According to paragraph 1, what is NOT mentioned as a potential benefit of AI?

A. Facilitating the identification system. B. Managing the electricity in homes.

C. Controlling vehicles and gadgets. D. Curing life-threatening diseases.

Question 33. The word “recursive” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

A. powerful B. repeated C. impossible D. monotonous

Question 34. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to _______.

A. event B. human C. history D. poverty

Question 35. According to paragraph 3, which information is incorrect about the future of AI?

A. We cannot deny the likelihood of AI turning on its creator – the human.

B. The emergence of superintelligence will yield valuable benefits for human.

C. One of the focus of AI system nowadays should be preparation and preventive measures.

D. The probability of malicious artificial intelligence is an unexpected zero.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of the question.

Times are tough. The nightly news is filled with stories of people who have lost their jobs due to the economic crisis, or lost their homes in a fire or natural disaster. Have you ever seen people who have just endured an awful situation? Some focus on what they have lost, and this is easy to understand. But other people focus on what they did not lose, and they start thinking about a better future.

One good piece of advice to remember is that you cannot always control situations or other people. The only thing you can control is your own personal reaction to bad situations. Sometimes a situation may really be overwhelming. However, in many cases, you really can influence our own moods by the way you think about negative situations.

Imagine two families: Both have lost their homes and all their belongings in a devastating storm. One family cannot mask their grief. They feel that everything they hold dear has been destroyed. They cannot imagine how they will ever be able to replace things and start over again. Their normal life seems to have been completely lost. In contrast, a second family is crying with joy. All of the people in their family are unharmed and safe. This family is just happy that everyone has survived. This family is already trying to figure out how they can recover. You can’t really blame the first family for experiencing a very normal reaction to a terrible situation. However, the second family certainly seems to be better off. They are thinking about making progress rather than focusing on the tragic events.

Though this scenario is extreme, everyone experiences setbacks that seem just awful at the time. This could be a job loss, illness, or problems with family members. Nobody gets through life without having some bad things happen. In these situations, try to focus on the steps you can take to remedy the situation, instead of how awful the setback is. By doing this, you will be laying the foundation for a better tomorrow. And you will not suffer as much pain today.

Actually, controlling how you feel and trying to maintain a positive attitude can help you through many tough situations. The bottom line is, no matter what the problem is, you are more likely to fix it if you can stay positive and work out a plan. Also, never be afraid to seek help when you need it. The advice of a friend, family member, or even a professional may be all it takes to get back on track.

It may sound like a cliché. While a positive attitude may not be the answer to every problem, it can certainly give you an advantage in surviving most of life’s minor setbacks.

(Adapted from “Select Readings – Upper Intermediate” by Linda Lee and Erik Gundersen)

Question 36. Which of the following could be the main idea of the passage?

A. Being optimistic is an effective way to get over bad situations.

B. Keeping positive or negative thoughts is the own choice of each person.

C. Positive thoughts are necessary conditions to be successful.

D. There seems to have more pessimists than optimists.

Question 37. The word “grief” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.

A. problem B. sorrow C. disappointment D. damage

Question 38. What does the word “they” in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. tragic events B. all of the people C. the first family D. the second family

Question 39. It can be inferred from the third paragraph that ________.

A. disappointment and sadness are all people’s common emotions in terrible situations.

B. your attitude in terrible situations is more important than how serious the problems are.

C. optimists often suffer less terrible situations than pessimists.

D. your attitude will decide the way you react to terrible situations.

Question 40. The word “scenario” in paragraph 4 mostly means ________.

A. trouble B. background C. circumstance D. imagination

Question 41. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

A. The thing people have to remember is managing their own reaction to bad situations.

B. Everyone will suffer some terrible experiences in their life.

C. Paying attention to the solutions of the setback is better than focusing on the damage it causes.

D. To have a good foundation for the future, you should not undergo bad situations today.

Question 42. According to paragraph 5, what is the major thing you should do when you have troubles?

A. Be optimistic and make out a plan. B. Ask other people for help when necessary.

C. Control your emotions. D. Determine how serious the problem is.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43. In 1975, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, the average life expectancy for people born during that year is 72.4 years.

A. according to B. born C. during D. is

Question 44. We know that in 1000 A.D. Leif Eriksson landed on the North American coast, and that him and his Norwegian companions were the first white men to see the New World.

A. in 1000 A.D. B. him C. were D. to see

Question 45. The next step is deforestation, which involves growing forests in areas where there were none before.

A. deforestation B. growing C. where D. were

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 46. It is over twenty years since I last got in touch with them.

A. I can’t help keeping getting in touch with them for over 20 years.

B. I haven’t gotten in touch with them for over 20 years.

C. I used to get in touch with them for over 20 years.

D. I have been getting in touch with them for over 20 years.

Question 47. Steve said to Mike, “Don’t touch the electric wires. It might be deadly.”

A. Steve warned Mike about not touching the electric wires as it might be deadly.

B. Steve warned Mike against touching the wires as it might have been deadly.

C. Steve warned that Mike not touch the electric wires as it might be deadly.

D. Steve warned Mike not to touch the electric wires as it might be deadly

Question 48. I guess Mary was very disappointed when she failed to get the scholarship.

A. Mary should have been very disappointed when she failed to get the scholarship.

B. Mary may have been very disappointed when she failed to get the scholarship.

C. Mary must have been very disappointed when she failed to get the scholarship.

D. Mary could have been disappointed when she failed to get the scholarship.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49. Mike didn’t follow his parents’ advice on choosing his career. He regrets it now.

A. If Mike followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career, he would regret it now.

B. Mike regrets having followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.

C. If only Mike followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.

D. Mike wishes he had followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.

Question 50. He spent all his money. He even borrowed some from me.

A. As soon as he borrowed some money from me, he spent it all.

B. Hardly had he borrowed some money from me when he spent it all.

C. Not only did he spent all his money but also he borrowed some from me.

D. Not only did he spend all his money but he borrowed some from me as well.

THE END